King Charles III led the family procession, flanked by his siblings and children. Princes Harry and Andrew did not wear military uniforms as they no longer work in the royal family.
The service at Westminster Abbey brought together world leaders, dignitaries and other royal families. The hymns were inspired by moments from the Queen’s long life. A hymn, The Lord’s My Shepherd, was sung at his wedding in 1947. Musicians performed a hymn composed for his coronation in 1953.
The bouquet atop the coffin was cut in the gardens of Buckingham Palace and at the residences of William and Charles. It also included myrtle, which the queen wore in her wedding bouquet.
Prince George, 9, and Princess Charlotte, 7, joined the procession, following their great-grandmother’s coffin through the abbey. It was reminiscent of a more traumatic death, when their father William and brother Harry walked behind their mother Diana’s coffin after she died in a car crash in Paris aged 36.
George is second in line to the throne, after his father.
Charlotte wore a horseshoe brooch, a gift from her great-grandmother who loved horses. She is third in line to the throne.
At the end of the Westminster Abbey ceremony, the crowd sang Britain’s national anthem, now ‘God Save the King’, swapping the Queen for the King to mark a new royal era.
Pipe Major Paul Burns of the Royal Regiment of Scotland then played a traditional lament titled “Sleep, darling, sleep”. Burns would play under the Queen’s window for 15 minutes every morning at 9 a.m. whenever she stayed at Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, Holyrood House or Balmoral Castle.
The Procession to Wellington’s Arch
The procession continued to Wellington’s Arch, led by four Royal Canadian Mounted Police horses.
Harry and William, in another echo of Diana’s funeral, dragged their grandmother’s coffin side by side. It was one of their few public appearances together since Harry opted out of royal life and moved to California, causing a rift in the family.
The final departure from London
From Wellington Arch, the Queen left London for the last time. Her family waved to the hearse as it began the journey to Windsor, around 22 miles outside London, where the Queen will be buried.
Once in Windsor, the coffin walked the Long Walk, a stretch of more than 4 km created by King Charles II at the end of the 17th century. The tree-lined road connects Snow Hill – where King Henry VIII is said to have awaited news of Anne Boleyn’s execution – and Windsor Castle.
Crowds of people thronged to see the hearse, which Elizabeth helped design so that its glass windows and roof made the coffin more visible to the public.
Two of the Queen’s beloved corgis, Muick and Sandy, and her beloved pony Emma, also watched.
Windsor’s service in St. George’s Chapel was more intimate than the events in London. Guests included family members and staff from the royal household.
The crown, orb and scepter were removed from the queens coffin before it was lowered into the royal vault, a symbol of the passing of the crown. A visibly emotional Charles was made sovereign as “God Save the King” echoed through the halls of the chapel.
Later that evening, a private burial ceremony is due to take place, concluding a day of remembrance and mourning for Queen Elizabeth II.
Ruby Mellen reported from Washington, DC William Booth, Karla Adam, Annabelle Timsit, Adam Taylor and Libby Casey contributed to this report.